Lilly pond


  • Turnbull, L. A., Ozgul, A., Accouche, W., Baxter, R., ChongSeng, L., Currie, J. C., Doak, N., Hansen, D. M., Pistorius, P., Richards, H., van de Crommenacker, J., von Brandis, R., Fleischer-Dogley, F. and Bunbury, N. (2015) Persistence of distinctive morphotypes in the native range of the CITES-listed Aldabra giant tortoise. Ecology and Evolution, 5: 5499–5508. doi:10.1002/ece3.1764
  • Guilbaud C.S.E., Dalchau, N., Purves, D.W. and Turnbull, L.A. (2015) Is ‘Peak N’ key to understanding the timing of flowering in annual plants. New Phytologist 205: 918-927.


  • Schneider et al. (2014) Gains to species diversity in organically farmed fields are not propagated at the farm level. Nature Communications
  • Lüscher et al. (2014) Appropriate metrics to inform farmers about species diversity. Environmental Science and Policy 41: 52-62.
  • Tuck SL, C Winqvist, F Mota, J Ahnström, LA Turnbull and J Bengtsson. (2014) Land-use intensity and the effects of organic farming on biodiversity: a hierarchical meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology 51: 746-755. OPEN ACCESS
  • Turnbull LA. (2014) Ecology’s dark matter: the elusive and enigmatic niche. Basic and Applied Ecology 15: 93-100.
  • Lüscher et al. (2014) Responses of plants, earthworms, spiders and bees to geographic location, agricultural management and surrounding landscape in European arable fields. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 186: 124-134.


  • Joseph B, J Corwin, T Züst, B Li, M Iravani, G Schaepman-Strub, LA Turnbull and DJ Kliebenstein. (2013) High-throughput phenotyping and QTL mapping reveals differential nuclear and cytoplasmic genetic architectures for plant growth and defense within Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 25, 1929 – 1945.
  • Turnbull LA, JM Levine, M Loreau and A Hector. (2013) Coexistence, niches, and the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning. Ecology Letters 16: 116-127 (Faculty of 1000 recommended) OPEN ACCESS
  • Sutherland WJ,  RP Freckleton, HCJ Godfray, SR Beissinger, T Benton, DD Cameron, Y Carmel, DA Coomes, T Coulson, MC Emmerson,  RS Hails, GC Hays, DJ Hodgson, MJ Hutchings, D Johnson, JPG Jones, MJ Keeling, H Kokko, WE Kunin, X Lambin, OT Lewis, Y Malhi, N  Mieszkowska, EJ Milner-Gulland, K Norris, AB Phillimore, DW Purves, JM Reid, DC Reuman, K Thompson, JMJ Travis, LA Turnbull, DA Wardle, T Wiegand. (2013)  Identification of 100 fundamental ecological questions. Journal of Ecology. 101, 58-67. (Faculty of 1000 recommended)


  • Cozzi G, F Broekhuis, JW McNutt, LA Turnbull, DW Macdonald and B Schmid. (2012) Fear of the dark or dinner by moonlight? Reduced temporal partitioning among Africa’s large carnivores. Ecology. 93, 2590-2599.
  • Züst T, C Heichinger, U Grossniklaus, R Harrington, DJ Kliebenstein and Turnbull LA. (2012) Natural enemies drive geographic variation in plant defenses Science 338, 116-119.
  • Philipson CD, P Saner, TR Marthews, R Nilus, G Reynolds, LA Turnbull, and A Hector. (2012) Light-based regeneration niches: evidence from 21 Dipterocarp species using size-specific RGRs. Biotropica 44, 627-636.
  • Turnbull LA, CD Philipson, DW Purves, RL Atkinson, J Cunniff, A Goodenough, Y Hautier, J Houghton, TR Marthews, CP Osborne, C Paul-Victor, KE Rose, P Saner, SH Taylor, FI Woodward, A Hector and M Rees. (2012) Plant growth rates and seed size: a re-evaluation. Ecology 93, 1283-1289.
  • Paine CET, TR Marthews, DR Vogt, DW Purves, M Rees, A Hector and LA Turnbull. (2012) How to fit nonlinear plant growth models and calculate growth rates: an update for ecologists. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3, 245-256.
  • Turnbull LA. (2012) Niche versus neutral models of community organization. Oxford Bibliographies: Ecology.


  • Züst T, B Joseph, KK Shimizu, DJ Kliebenstein, and LA Turnbull. (2011) Using knockout mutants to reveal the costs of defensive traits. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 278:2598-2603.


  • Fakheran S, C Paul-Victor, C Heichinger, B Schmid, U Grossniklaus and LA Turnbull.  (2010) Adaptation and extinction in experimentally fragmented landscapes. PNAS,107, 19120-19125.
  • Purves DW and LA Turnbull. (2010) Different but equal: the implausible assumption at the heart of neutral theory. Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, 1215 – 1225. (Faculty of 1000 recommended)
  • Rees M, CP Osborne, FI Woodward, SP Hulme, LA Turnbull, Taylor, SH. (2010) Partitioning the components of RGR: how important is size-correction? American Naturalist,176, E152 – E161.
  • Paul-Victor C, T Züst, M Rees, D Kliebenstein, and LA Turnbull. (2010) A new method for measuring relative growth rate can uncover the costs of defensive compounds in Arabidopsis thaliana. New Phytologist, 187, 1102-1111.
  • Turnbull LA, J Levine, A Fergus and J Petermann. (2010) Species diversity reduces invasion success in pathogen-regulated communities. Oikos 119, 1040-1046.
  • Hautier Y, A Hector, E Vojtech, DW Purves and LA Turnbull. (2010) Modelling the growth of parasitic plants. Journal of Ecology 98, 857-866. (Winner of Harper Prize)
  • Petermann J, A Fergus, C Roscher, LA Turnbull, A Weigelt and Schmid B. (2010) Biology, chance or history? The predictable re-assembly of temperate grassland communities. Ecology 91, 408-421.


  • Rose, K, R Atkinson, LA Turnbull and Rees, M. (2009) The costs and benefits of fast living. Ecology Letters 12, 1379-1384.
  • Paul-Victor C and LA Turnbull. (2009)The effect of growth conditions on the seed size/number trade-off. PLOS-ONE 4(9): e6917. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006917


  • Petermann J, A Fergus, LA Turnbull, and Schmid B. (2008) Janzen-Connell effects are widespread and strong enough to maintain diversity in grasslands. Ecology, 89, 2399-2406. (Faculty of 1000 must-read)
  • Turnbull LA, M Rees and Purves DW. (2008) Why equalising trade-offs aren’t always neutral.   Ecology Letters, 11, 1037-1046.
  • Turnbull LA, C Paul-Victor, B Schmid and Purves DW. (2008) Growth rates, seed size, and physiology: do small-seeded species really grow faster? Ecology, 89, 1352-1363. (Faculty of 1000 exceptional)


  • Vojtech E, Turnbull LA, Hector A. (2007) Differences in Light Interception in Grass Monocultures Predict Short-Term Competitive Outcomes under Productive Conditions. PLoS ONE 2(6): e499. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000499.
  • Turnbull LA, DA Coomes, DW Purves, M Rees. (2007) How spatial structure alters population and community dynamics in a natural plant community. Journal of Ecology 95: 79-89.


  • Turnbull LA,L Santamaria, T Martorell, J Rallo, and A Hector. (2006) Seed size variability: from carob to carats. Biology Letters 2: 397-400.
  • Turnbull LA, S Rahm, O Baudois, S Eichenberger-Glinz, L Wacker and Schmid B. (2005) Experimental invasion by legumes reveals non-random assembly rules in grassland communities. Journal of Ecology 93: 1062-1070.
  • Turnbull LA, L Manley, and M Rees. (2005) Niches, rather than neutrality, structure a grassland pioneer guild. Proc. R. Soc. B  272: 1357-1364.
  • Turnbull LA, DA Coomes, A Hector, and M Rees. (2004) Seed mass and the competition/colonization trade-off: competitive interactions and spatial patterns in a guild of annual plants. Journal of Ecology 92:97-109.
  • Coomes DA, M Rees, L Turnbull, and S Ratcliffe. (2002) On the mechanisms of coexistence among annual-plant species, using neighbourhood techniques and simulation models. Plant Ecology 163:23-38.
  • Coomes DA, M Rees, PJ Grubb, and L Turnbull. (2002) Are differences in seed mass among species important in structuring plant communities? Evidence from analyses of spatial and temporal variation in dune-annual populations. Oikos 96:421-432.
  • Turnbull LA, MJ Crawley, and M Rees. (2000) Are plant populations seed-limited? A review of seed sowing experiments. Oikos 88:225-238.
  • Rees M, M Mangel, LA Turnbull, A Sheppard, and D Briese. (2000) The effects of heterogeneity on dispersal and colonisation in plants. Pages 237-265 in M. J. Hutchings, E. A. John, and A. J. A. Stewart, editors. Ecological Consequences of Environmental Heterogeneity. Blackwell, Oxford.
  • Turnbull LA, M Rees, and MJ Crawley. (1999) Seed mass and the competition/colonization trade-off: a sowing experiment. Journal of Ecology 87:899-912.
  • Coomes DA, M Rees, and L Turnbull. (1999) Identifying aggregation and association in fully-mapped spatial data. Ecology 80:554-565.